Chiropractic care focuses on the musculoskeletal system and the effects of disorders in this area. It is used to treat neuromusculoskeletal complaints, including but not limited to back pain, neck pain, pain in the joints of the arms or legs, and headaches. Chiropractors practice a drug-free, hands-on approach that includes patient examination, diagnosis and treatment using a technique known as spinal manipulation.
The most common treatment performed on patients is known as the Diversified Technique, which is a practice of manipulation of the spine, neck and other joints. Diversified adjustments use a specific line of manual thrust that goes deep into the joint. This corrects mechanical distortions of the spine or joint within the joint cavity and also stretches the soft tissue which may have formed around the misaligned joint. By adjusting the spine or joint, and thrusting it into its proper position, the fluids and tissue move more freely and are distributed properly within the joint, which can ease pain and discomfort.
Adjustments using this technique are called high velocity, low amplitude thrusts, and they are intended to create motion in specific places in the spine or neck, or in joints to restore function and proper structure to the joint or spine. During chiropractic adjustments, a “popping” sound is heard. This “osseous” as it is called, is simply gas being released from the tiny bubbles that exist in bodily fluids that surround the joint. Chiropractors do not limit their scope to pain relief but, also use chiropractic adjustments as a diagnostic tool to determine if there are root causes of pain and or illness that can be eliminated.